A bunion (hallux valgus) is a bony bump beneath the skin of the inner side of the foot. This deformity affects the joint at the base of the big toe. A similar disfiguration can also appear on the joint at the base of the little toe. It is called bunionette or tailor’s bunion. A bunion is a deformity of both bone and soft tissue of the foot.
Why do bunions appear?
Bunions are most frequent in women. It is primarily because ladies are more likely to wear tight, pointed, high-heeled shoes that cause a pressure imbalance in their feet. Walking in uncomfortable footwear results in the shifting of the bones of the big toe. They begin to angle towards the second toe. The continuous pressure and irritation cause the soft tissue of the inner side of the foot to swell. Bunions may also be a result of arthritis. The tendency to form halluxes is often inherited as a family trait.
How to correct bunions?
Sometimes bunions can be corrected using non-invasive methods. Wearing comfortable shoes for bunions often helps to reduce swelling and pain. The footwear should be well-fitted, comfortable and soft. You can also try using toe spacers for bunions. There are, however, some cases, in which those methods are not enough to help the patient. If You have already tried non-invasive treatments, but still feel pain when walking (even in flat shoes), bunion surgery might be the best option for You.